A dysfunctional family - what is it, main types, features, signs, causes and problems

For the har­mo­nious devel­op­ment of chil­dren, a healthy atmos­phere in the home, upbring­ing and care are nec­es­sary. A dys­func­tion­al fam­i­ly has a neg­a­tive impact on the psy­cho­log­i­cal and phys­i­cal devel­op­ment of the child. For this rea­son, social ser­vices must mon­i­tor such cells of soci­ety in order to respond in time to emerg­ing prob­lems.

What is a dysfunctional family?

In the pub­lic view, this con­cept is close­ly relat­ed to alco­holism, drug addic­tion and lack of mate­r­i­al resources. In a broad sense, a dys­func­tion­al fam­i­ly is one that does not cope with its func­tions of rais­ing a child. Chil­dren expe­ri­ence devel­op­men­tal dif­fi­cul­ties, face a decrease in men­tal and phys­i­cal abil­i­ties. A fam­i­ly with a low social sta­tus is not nec­es­sar­i­ly poor. She may not expe­ri­ence mate­r­i­al prob­lems, but due to an unhealthy cli­mate, phys­i­cal or psy­cho­log­i­cal abuse of a child, have a dis­ad­van­taged sta­tus.

what is a dysfunctional family

Types of dysfunctional families

Clas­si­fi­ca­tion is car­ried out accord­ing to the types of destruc­tive fac­tors affect­ing chil­dren. Dys­func­tion­al fam­i­lies include the fol­low­ing types:

  1. Fam­i­lies with addic­tions to alco­hol or drugs. If at least one of the par­ents abus­es sub­stances that cause addic­tion, this affects the con­di­tion of the child. Such a dys­func­tion­al fam­i­ly can­not pro­vide for all the needs of chil­dren. Under the influ­ence of alco­hol, quar­rels, fights, con­flicts occur, because of which the child grows up with men­tal devel­op­ment dis­or­ders.
  2. con­flict fam­i­lies. The lack of moral sup­port, the inabil­i­ty to nego­ti­ate and find a com­mon lan­guage are fac­tors that neg­a­tive­ly affect the upbring­ing of chil­dren. In such a dys­func­tion­al fam­i­ly, the child receives moral trau­ma, grows up social­ly vul­ner­a­ble. Fre­quent quar­rels lead to fear of com­mu­ni­ca­tion and inabil­i­ty to estab­lish con­tacts with oth­er peo­ple.
  3. Finan­cial­ly dis­ad­van­taged fam­i­lies. The lack of qual­i­ty nutri­tion, med­ical care, edu­ca­tion and oth­er nec­es­sary things does not have the best effect on the devel­op­ment of the child. Fam­i­lies with an income below the sub­sis­tence lev­el that do not pro­vide for the basic needs of chil­dren are clas­si­fied as mate­ri­al­ly dis­ad­van­taged.
  4. Fam­i­lies where par­ents abuse their rights. Child abuse, phys­i­cal abuse and cor­po­ral pun­ish­ment are the rea­sons for rec­og­niz­ing a cell of soci­ety as social­ly dis­ad­van­taged.
types of dysfunctional families

Features of dysfunctional families

It is not always pos­si­ble to deter­mine the exact social sta­tus of a cell of soci­ety by exter­nal signs. To under­stand what a dys­func­tion­al fam­i­ly means and how to iden­ti­fy it, social work­ers use sev­er­al cri­te­ria. These include both the appear­ance of the child and his psy­cho­log­i­cal state. A num­ber of fea­tures and char­ac­ter­is­tics help to iden­ti­fy dys­func­tion­al fam­i­lies that are sub­ject to reg­is­tra­tion and mon­i­tor­ing by social ser­vices.

Signs of a dysfunctional family

It is pos­si­ble to deter­mine the social sta­tus of a cell of soci­ety by exter­nal man­i­fes­ta­tions. The char­ac­ter­is­tics of a dys­func­tion­al fam­i­ly include one or more of the fol­low­ing:

  1. The child is untidy, often wears worn, torn or dirty clothes.
  2. Par­ents do not edu­cate, do not devote time to the child.
  3. One or both par­ents are sub­stance abusers, often under the influ­ence of alco­hol or drugs.
  4. The child has devel­op­men­tal dis­or­ders, inco­her­ent speech and inhi­bi­tion of actions are observed.
  5. The body of the child has traces of beat­ings and phys­i­cal abuse.
  6. Par­ents do not work any­where or have irreg­u­lar and unsta­ble sources of income.
See also
wedding bouquet-cascade of long hanging roses and orchids
signs of a dysfunctional family

Causes of dysfunctional families

Var­i­ous fac­tors can serve as a source of dete­ri­o­ra­tion in the sit­u­a­tion of the child and his par­ents. Social­ly dis­ad­van­taged fam­i­lies arise for the fol­low­ing rea­sons:

  1. Dif­fi­cult finan­cial sit­u­a­tion. The lack of mon­ey leads not only to the fact that the child is left with­out nor­mal food, cloth­ing and enter­tain­ment. Chron­ic lack of mon­ey can become a source of quar­rels and con­flicts between par­ents. A dys­func­tion­al fam­i­ly can result from the loss of a home or job, a seri­ous ill­ness, or a cri­sis sit­u­a­tion in the coun­try.
  2. Remar­riage of one of the par­ents. In a new fam­i­ly, there is not always a child-friend­ly atmos­phere. Con­flicts with a step­fa­ther, step­moth­er or step­broth­ers and sis­ters have a neg­a­tive impact on the psy­cho­log­i­cal state.
  3. Men­tal ill­ness of par­ents. Fail­ure to com­ply with their duties towards the child is often one of the man­i­fes­ta­tions of the dis­ease. In this case, social ser­vices should reveal this fact and remove the chil­dren.
  4. Large fam­i­ly. A large num­ber of chil­dren is often a source of prob­lems, par­ents do not have time to pay atten­tion to every­one. As a result, the child may feel left out. For this rea­son, fam­i­lies with many chil­dren are under spe­cial con­trol of social ser­vices.
  5. Addic­tion to ille­gal sub­stances. As a result of abuse, the par­ent does not ful­fill their oblig­a­tions towards the child. Social ser­vices may rec­og­nize the fam­i­ly as dys­func­tion­al and deprive parental rights.
causes of dysfunctional families

Problems of dysfunctional families

The con­flict sit­u­a­tion in the house, the lack of care, care and upbring­ing lead to numer­ous vio­la­tions in the devel­op­ment of the child. A dys­func­tion­al fam­i­ly is a source of phys­i­cal and psy­cho­log­i­cal trau­ma:

  1. The child is expe­ri­enc­ing devel­op­men­tal delays. Due to lack of atten­tion, par­ents can­not teach him the most nec­es­sary things. As a result, speech, fine motor skills and social adap­ta­tion suf­fer.
  2. Due to lack of mon­ey, the child is not always pro­vid­ed with the nec­es­sary clothes, food, books, med­i­cines.
  3. Con­flicts in the fam­i­ly and mis­un­der­stand­ing lead to the fact that the child grows up closed. It is dif­fi­cult for him to estab­lish social con­tacts, he suf­fers from dis­trust of oth­er peo­ple.
  4. A child who grew up in a dys­func­tion­al fam­i­ly often finds him­self in a crim­i­nal envi­ron­ment.
  5. A neg­a­tive fam­i­ly envi­ron­ment can pro­voke the ear­ly devel­op­ment of men­tal ill­ness and cause a child to become depen­dent on alco­hol and drugs, espe­cial­ly if par­ents are prone to abuse.
See also
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Who takes care of dysfunctional families?

Respon­si­bil­i­ties for iden­ti­fy­ing and car­ry­ing out work are assigned to the guardian­ship and guardian­ship author­i­ties. They should reg­u­lar­ly check social­ly dis­ad­van­taged and con­flict fam­i­lies. If cas­es of child abuse or neglect of parental respon­si­bil­i­ties are estab­lished, the guardian­ship author­i­ties are oblig­ed to take the chil­dren to a board­ing school. To help minors who have suf­fered from abuse, spe­cial social and reha­bil­i­ta­tion insti­tu­tions oper­ate.

who takes care of dysfunctional families

Methods for identifying dysfunctional families

To deter­mine social sta­tus, guardian­ship work­ers use sev­er­al meth­ods:

  1. Col­lec­tion and analy­sis of infor­ma­tion. Sig­nals about the pres­ence of a dys­func­tion­al fam­i­ly come from neigh­bors, teach­ers, kinder­garten teach­ers. Employ­ees of guardian­ship and guardian­ship bod­ies respond to all com­plaints about cas­es of vio­lence and abuse of a child. Close rel­a­tives and fam­i­ly friends often become the source of infor­ma­tion.
  2. Tour of apart­ments and con­trol of liv­ing con­di­tions. Aso­cial fam­i­lies are sub­ject to reg­u­lar checks by guardian­ship ser­vices. Employ­ees study liv­ing con­di­tions, the phys­i­cal con­di­tion of chil­dren, the avail­abil­i­ty of food and cloth­ing.
  3. Ques­tion­naires and sur­veys. To deter­mine the psy­cho­log­i­cal cli­mate in the fam­i­ly, tests are reg­u­lar­ly con­duct­ed in schools and kinder­gartens. With their help, child psy­chol­o­gists study the needs and needs of the child. A high lev­el of anx­i­ety, lack of atten­tion and care serve as a sig­nal for the guardian­ship author­i­ties, which must con­duct an inspec­tion.

Forms of work with disadvantaged families

To cor­rect the sit­u­a­tion and improve rela­tions between par­ents and chil­dren, social work­ers use dif­fer­ent meth­ods:

  1. Pre­ven­tive con­ver­sa­tions. If a dys­func­tion­al fam­i­ly is iden­ti­fied, at the first stage, the social work­er must deter­mine the rea­sons for the low social sta­tus and explain to the par­ents the con­se­quences of their actions in rela­tion to the child.
  2. Indi­vid­ual train­ings and con­sul­ta­tions. Not all par­ents are able to inde­pen­dent­ly deter­mine the opti­mal tac­tics for rais­ing a child. Social work with dis­ad­van­taged fam­i­lies includes con­sul­ta­tions, which describe in detail the meth­ods and rules for deal­ing with chil­dren.
  3. Sys­tem­at­ic con­trol. The guardian­ship and guardian­ship author­i­ties estab­lish require­ments for the fam­i­ly, the ful­fill­ment of which is reg­u­lar­ly checked. For this pur­pose, ser­vice employ­ees make rounds of apart­ments.
  4. Rep­re­sen­ta­tion and pro­tec­tion of the inter­ests of the child in court. If work with dys­func­tion­al fam­i­lies does not bring results, social ser­vice employ­ees file a law­suit for depri­va­tion of parental rights.
  5. forms of work with disadvantaged families

Help for disadvantaged families

For sup­port, var­i­ous types of activ­i­ties aimed at increas­ing social sta­tus are used:

  1. Psy­cho­log­i­cal help. A dys­func­tion­al and com­plex fam­i­ly can count on the advice of a teacher who spe­cial­izes in work­ing with prob­lem chil­dren.
  2. eco­nom­ic aid. If the dif­fi­cult sit­u­a­tion of a dys­func­tion­al fam­i­ly is asso­ci­at­ed with a low lev­el of income, the state pro­vides ben­e­fits, ben­e­fits and sub­si­dies.
  3. Social help. In order for chil­dren from a dys­func­tion­al fam­i­ly to be able to adapt to soci­ety, spe­cial events are orga­nized for them, includ­ing edu­ca­tion­al and enter­tain­ment pro­grams.
See also
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Advice for dysfunctional families

Edu­ca­tors and psy­chol­o­gists give sev­er­al rec­om­men­da­tions for main­tain­ing a healthy atmos­phere in the home:

  1. Pay more atten­tion to the child. A psy­cho­log­i­cal­ly dys­func­tion­al fam­i­ly is often char­ac­ter­ized by a lack of parental inter­est in the needs and desires of chil­dren.
  2. spend time togeth­er. In order to get clos­er and bet­ter under­stand each oth­er, par­ents and chil­dren should com­mu­ni­cate and exchange opin­ions more.
  3. Seek help in a time­ly man­ner. If par­ents can­not cope with the upbring­ing of chil­dren on their own, it is bet­ter to ask for sup­port from social work­ers. Pro­fes­sion­al psy­chol­o­gists will help to estab­lish rela­tion­ships with the child.

Where are children from dysfunctional families taken?

If employ­ees of social ser­vices have estab­lished that the con­di­tions of deten­tion pose a dan­ger to the life and health of the child, he is tak­en away for tem­po­rary deten­tion by the guardian­ship and guardian­ship author­i­ties. Then the case is trans­ferred to the court, where a deci­sion is made on the depri­va­tion of parental rights. Chil­dren from dis­ad­van­taged fam­i­lies end up in orphan­ages or are placed in the care of the clos­est rel­a­tives who can pro­vide care.

Celebrities from dysfunctional families

Many famous peo­ple spent their child­hood in bad con­di­tions, which did not pre­vent them from achiev­ing suc­cess:

  1. Char­l­ize Theron. The famous actress grew up in a dys­func­tion­al fam­i­ly with a drink­ing father who repeat­ed­ly raised his hand to his wife and chil­dren.
  2. celebrities from dysfunctional families
  3. Tom Cruise. The actor grew up in a large and poor fam­i­ly, which, in search of work, changed their place of res­i­dence all the time. Because of this, he could not get a nor­mal sec­ondary edu­ca­tion — he had to change more than 15 schools dur­ing his child­hood.
  4. celebrities from dysfunctional families
  5. Dem­my Moor. The actress grew up with­out a father, who left before the birth of her daugh­ter. The step­fa­ther and moth­er abused alco­hol, so the trou­bled fam­i­ly lived in pover­ty and debt.
  6. celebrities from dysfunctional families

Films about dysfunctional families

The prob­lem of rais­ing chil­dren is reflect­ed in the cin­e­ma. The con­cept of a “dys­func­tion­al fam­i­ly” is revealed in many films:

  1. “This Guy’s Life”. The film, star­ring Leonar­do DiCaprio and Robert De Niro, tells the sto­ry of a fam­i­ly whose father left. The moth­er brought her step­fa­ther into the house, who turned out to be a sadist and a tyrant.
  2. “Win­ter Bone”. The film is about a 17-year-old girl whose father is in prison for drug traf­fick­ing, and whose moth­er is seri­ous­ly ill. A teenag­er has to take care not only of him­self, but also of his younger broth­ers and sis­ters.
  3. “Take My Eyes”. The film reveals the prob­lem of domes­tic vio­lence and tyran­ny on the part of the father.