A low-income family - what is it, criteria, what gives the status and how to apply for it?

A com­mon social phe­nom­e­non in many coun­tries is the poor fam­i­ly, that is, a unit of soci­ety with low incomes that do not allow it to have a cer­tain stan­dard of liv­ing. Many states are try­ing to help such cit­i­zens by devel­op­ing spe­cial ben­e­fits, ben­e­fits or sub­si­dies for them.

What is a low income family?

In many coun­tries of the for­mer USSR, it is gen­er­al­ly accept­ed that a low-income fam­i­ly is when the total income of all its mem­bers does not exceed the month­ly sub­sis­tence min­i­mum for each. It is impor­tant to take into account some points:

  1. All able-bod­ied cit­i­zens of such a cell of soci­ety work or are active­ly look­ing for work (offi­cial­ly reg­is­tered with the Employ­ment Cen­ters), receive pen­sions based on age or health sta­tus, and take care of young chil­dren under 3 years old.
  2. Only spous­es and their blood rel­a­tives who are offi­cial­ly reg­is­tered in the same liv­ing space, adopt­ed and adopt­ed chil­dren, step­daugh­ters and stepchil­dren are tak­en into account.

There are var­i­ous sit­u­a­tions in which fam­i­lies can be con­sid­ered low-income or poor:

  1. Both par­ents have or do not have chil­dren, but receive low incomes from their work.
  2. The only par­ent (legal rep­re­sen­ta­tive, for exam­ple, grand­moth­er) lives with the chil­dren, again with a low salary or pen­sion.
  3. The spous­es have many chil­dren, so even with a good salary, the indi­ca­tor for each fam­i­ly mem­ber is small, and so on.

Criteria for a poor family

It has already been men­tioned above what income a low-income fam­i­ly should have. The amount of all mon­ey received per month should not exceed the sub­sis­tence lev­el in a par­tic­u­lar region for each adult and child. This takes into account:

  1. Wages of all able-bod­ied adults.
  2. Pen­sions and schol­ar­ships.
  3. Income from pri­vate activ­i­ties (i.e. earn­ings of IP).
  4. Income from the rental of real estate.
  5. Alimo­ny.
  6. All social ben­e­fits and grants received.
  7. Div­i­dends, that is, prof­it from share own­er­ship, auc­tion prof­it.
  8. Author’s fees.

There is a sim­ple for­mu­la for how to cal­cu­late a low-income fam­i­ly or not:

  1. The cal­cu­la­tion is made quar­ter­ly. That is, all the above sources of fam­i­ly income for the last three months are summed up.
  2. The amount received is divid­ed into three (months).
  3. The inter­me­di­ate val­ue is divid­ed by the num­ber of offi­cial­ly liv­ing fam­i­ly mem­bers. That is, if there are two adults and two chil­dren in the apart­ment, then the amount is divid­ed by 4. If one moth­er is rais­ing two chil­dren, then by three, and so on.
  4. The amount received should be com­pared with the sub­sis­tence min­i­mum per capi­ta in the region. If it is low­er, then the poor fam­i­ly has the right to receive such sta­tus and assis­tance from the state.
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low-income family criteria

What gives the status of a low-income family?

When the sta­tus is offi­cial­ly received — a low-income fam­i­ly, then its rep­re­sen­ta­tive is enti­tled to the fol­low­ing types of assis­tance from the state:

  1. Gro­cery kits, clothes, med­i­cines or fuel for heat­ing a home in the win­ter, rely­ing on cer­tain cat­e­gories of cit­i­zens.
  2. Reg­u­lar or one-time cash pay­ments.
  3. Ben­e­fits, for exam­ple, tax or for the admis­sion of chil­dren to edu­ca­tion­al insti­tu­tions.
  4. Sub­si­dies, for exam­ple, to pay for hous­ing and com­mu­nal ser­vices or hous­ing.
  5. Pref­er­en­tial terms of mort­gage lend­ing or extra­or­di­nary receipt of hous­ing, land for gar­den­ing or hor­ti­cul­ture.

Payments to low-income families

The state pro­vides two types of ben­e­fits for low-income fam­i­lies:

  1. Reg­u­lar pay­ments that are accrued for a peri­od of 1 year and are paid month­ly. After a year of sub­si­dies, they can be extend­ed, pro­vid­ed that income has not increased. The amount of ben­e­fits varies great­ly depend­ing on the region of res­i­dence, fam­i­ly bud­get, age of chil­dren and oth­er para­me­ters, there­fore, in each case, it is cal­cu­lat­ed indi­vid­u­al­ly.
  2. A one-time pay­ment to low-income fam­i­lies is more often timed to coin­cide with a spe­cif­ic event. This may be the Day of Knowl­edge, for exam­ple, then funds are issued for the pur­chase of uni­forms and sta­tionery for school­child­ren, or the loss of hous­ing. The amount of the sub­sidy is also set at the region­al lev­el and is con­stant­ly indexed.

Benefits for low-income families

The state is not lim­it­ed to pro­vid­ing mate­r­i­al assis­tance to poor fam­i­lies with and with­out chil­dren. Such cells of com­pa­nies can be pro­vid­ed with a cer­tain pack­age of ben­e­fits:

  1. Free legal aid and free lit­i­ga­tion. Such sup­port can be obtained not from all lawyers and notaries, but only from those who work in spe­cial­ized gov­ern­ment agen­cies.
  2. Tax incen­tives, in which the appli­cant is exempt­ed from pay­ing tax­es on receiv­ing social grants and pay­ments.
  3. The right to enroll chil­dren in high­er and sec­ondary tech­ni­cal edu­ca­tion­al insti­tu­tions on a non-com­pet­i­tive basis, if they are depen­dent on a dis­abled par­ent.
  4. Extra­or­di­nary allo­ca­tion of places in nurs­eries and kinder­gartens for kids from low-income fam­i­lies.
  5. Free trav­el once a year on inter­ci­ty trans­port to anoth­er city for med­ical care or treat­ment.
benefits for low-income families

Subsidies for poor families

The list of what is due to low-income fam­i­lies includes some sub­si­dies. This is the name giv­en to spe­cial­ized pay­ments from cer­tain funds and bud­get lev­els: state, region­al, munic­i­pal. A poor fam­i­ly has the right to:

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  1. Sub­si­diz­ing util­i­ty bills. At the same time, such an allowance is assigned for a peri­od of six months, if the cost of a com­mu­nal apart­ment exceeds a cer­tain per­cent­age of fam­i­ly income (usu­al­ly 20%) and there are no debts. Pay­ment is made in the amount deter­mined by region­al leg­is­la­tion.
  2. Com­pen­sa­tion of pay­ment for preschool chil­dren’s insti­tu­tions.
  3. A spe­cial sub­sidy that is pro­vid­ed for obtain­ing a mort­gage loan for the pur­chase of hous­ing on pref­er­en­tial terms, that is, at a spe­cial min­i­mum rate.

Products for low-income families

In many regions, food assis­tance is also pro­vid­ed to low-income fam­i­lies, which may include:

  1. Issuance of spe­cial­ized food prod­ucts to preg­nant women, chil­dren under the age of 1.5–3 years. The com­po­si­tion of the kit is deter­mined by the region and may include juice, milk, cot­tage cheese, spe­cial­ized milk for­mu­la, and more. Issued only on the advice of a doc­tor.
  2. For a stu­dent from a low-income fam­i­ly in free meals in school can­teens.
  3. Accru­al of a cer­tain num­ber of points to the so-called social card, which can be used to pay for prod­ucts in the net­works of part­ner stores. Poor Mus­covites, for exam­ple, have it.

Housing for low-income families

Under the law, the sta­tus of a low-income fam­i­ly gives the right to receive hous­ing from the state for free use or for a small fee under a social con­tract. For this you need:

  1. Obtain the offi­cial sta­tus of the low-income by col­lect­ing the nec­es­sary pack­age of doc­u­ments and wait­ing for the approval of the spe­cial com­mis­sion.
  2. Reg­is­ter in a spe­cial queue with the social secu­ri­ty author­i­ties as a fam­i­ly in need of hous­ing. At the same time, each region has a num­ber of its own con­di­tions: manda­to­ry res­i­dence for at least 5–10 years in the city, main­te­nance of cer­tain liv­ing con­di­tions for 3–5 years, and oth­ers.
housing for low income families

How to apply for the status of a low-income family?

There is a clear algo­rithm for how to become a low-income fam­i­ly, that is, to obtain such a sta­tus in state sup­port bod­ies:

  1. Col­lect the required pack­age of papers, prov­ing the low income for each of the fam­i­ly mem­bers.
  2. Sub­mit doc­u­ments to spe­cial­ized bod­ies pro­vid­ing sup­port to the pop­u­la­tion.
  3. Wait for the con­sid­er­a­tion of the sub­mit­ted doc­u­ments by the com­mis­sion. This pro­ce­dure takes about 10 days. In rare cas­es, it can be extend­ed up to 30 days.
  4. Pro­vide addi­tion­al doc­u­ments for the cal­cu­la­tion of ben­e­fits, ben­e­fits or oth­er state sup­port mea­sures, if nec­es­sary.
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Where to apply for the status of a low-income family?

In order to be offi­cial­ly rec­og­nized as low-income, one of the adults must apply to:

  1. Mul­ti­func­tion­al cen­ters for the pro­vi­sion of state and munic­i­pal ser­vices (MFC) at the place of res­i­dence.
  2. The sta­tus of a low-income fam­i­ly can also be obtained by per­son­al­ly con­tact­ing the local depart­ment of social pro­tec­tion of the pop­u­la­tion.
  3. In some regions, the sub­mis­sion of all nec­es­sary doc­u­ments is pos­si­ble using the elec­tron­ic por­tal “Gosus­lu­gi”. The ser­vice is not avail­able every­where.

Documents for registration of a low-income family

Regard­less of which author­i­ty it is planned to sub­mit all the nec­es­sary papers to, the doc­u­ments for a low-income fam­i­ly that the spe­cial­ist will require are iden­ti­cal. For some doc­u­ments, only orig­i­nals are need­ed, while oth­ers are pro­vid­ed along with pho­to­copies for ver­i­fi­ca­tion by spe­cial­ists:

  1. Pass­ports of all fam­i­ly mem­bers over 14 years of age.
  2. Birth cer­tifi­cates for chil­dren under 14 years of age.
  3. Cer­tifi­cates of mar­riage and divorce (if any). Oth­er papers con­firm­ing kin­ship: adop­tion doc­u­ments, death doc­u­ments and oth­ers.
  4. Infor­ma­tion about the com­po­si­tion of the fam­i­ly.
  5. Papers that record the income of all able-bod­ied adults: a 2‑personal income tax cer­tifi­cate from a place of work or from an indi­vid­ual entre­pre­neur and oth­ers.
  6. Doc­u­ments that indi­cate the income of minor chil­dren: alimo­ny, schol­ar­ships, dis­abil­i­ty pen­sions and oth­ers.
  7. Unem­ployed cit­i­zens in a low-income fam­i­ly are required to pro­vide copies of work books and noti­fi­ca­tions from the employ­ment cen­ter that they are reg­is­tered, cer­tifi­cates of dis­abil­i­ty and oth­ers.
  8. Doc­u­ments con­firm­ing the own­er­ship of the res­i­den­tial premis­es by the appli­cant (required for the cal­cu­la­tion of sub­si­dies for the pay­ment of hous­ing and com­mu­nal ser­vices, for exam­ple).
  9. Extract from the house book with a list of per­sons reg­is­tered in the hous­ing.
  10. Appli­ca­tion of the estab­lished form.
  11. Bank account details for cred­it­ing ben­e­fits.
documents for registration of a low-income family

How to write an application for a low-income family?

In all regions, the pro­ce­dure for apply­ing for a low-income fam­i­ly is stan­dard, how­ev­er, the form of a typ­i­cal appli­ca­tion may vary slight­ly. You can always ask for a sam­ple at a spe­cial­ized agency (MFC or social secu­ri­ty), where such paper is more often on site and com­piled. It will con­tain the fol­low­ing infor­ma­tion:

  1. Full name, pass­port and con­tact details of the appli­cant (address of reg­is­tra­tion and res­i­dence, tele­phone).
  2. Jus­ti­fi­ca­tion for recog­ni­tion as a poor per­son: an indi­ca­tion of income with the pro­vi­sion of sup­port­ing doc­u­ments.
  3. A list of all fam­i­ly mem­bers indi­cat­ing the degree of rela­tion­ship.
  4. Date of appli­ca­tion and sig­na­ture of the appli­cant.