Patriarchal family - what is it, when did it appear, differences from a partner family, types

Rela­tions between a man and a woman, par­ents and chil­dren depend not only on their desires and atti­tudes, but also on social norms. For a long time, the patri­ar­chal fam­i­ly was the only way to orga­nize life. Based on the suprema­cy of men, it helped to sur­vive and con­tin­ue their kind.

What is a patriarchal family?

The cell of this type of soci­ety includes at least 3 gen­er­a­tions of peo­ple liv­ing under one roof. The patri­ar­chal fam­i­ly is a union con­sist­ing of sev­er­al peo­ple, held togeth­er by fam­i­ly ties, where the main posi­tion is occu­pied by the hus­band and father. This way of life is char­ac­ter­ized by the com­plete depen­dence of all oth­er mem­bers on the deci­sion of the leader. In a patri­ar­chal fam­i­ly, a man not only dis­pos­es of all prop­er­ty, but is also respon­si­ble for his wife and chil­dren.

When did the patriarchal family appear?

In Rus­sia, the tra­di­tion­al rela­tion­ship between hus­band and wife became wide­spread with the advent of Chris­tian­i­ty. The patri­ar­chal struc­ture of the fam­i­ly was large­ly due to reli­gious norms and the func­tion of a man as the main bread­win­ner. For many cen­turies, this form of rela­tion­ship was the only way to orga­nize life. Now the patri­ar­chal fam­i­ly is dis­trib­uted main­ly in coun­tries with a tra­di­tion­al eco­nom­ic struc­ture, where phys­i­cal labor pre­vails.

when did the patriarchal family appear

Features of the patriarchal family

The tra­di­tion­al type of fam­i­ly and house­hold rela­tions is char­ac­ter­ized by the pres­ence of sev­er­al dis­tinc­tive fea­tures. To under­stand what a patri­ar­chal fam­i­ly is, you need to know its fea­tures and the nature of the inter­ac­tion between spous­es and chil­dren. The most impor­tant dis­tin­guish­ing fea­ture is the lead­ing posi­tion of a man in all mat­ters relat­ing to home and life. The char­ac­ter­is­tic of the patri­ar­chal fam­i­ly includes sev­er­al more fea­tures that deter­mine its struc­ture.

Signs of a patriarchal family

The main dis­tin­guish­ing char­ac­ter­is­tics are:

  1. Patri­lin­eal­i­ty. The trans­fer of all prop­er­ty, titles, titles occurs only through the male line.
  2. Absolute pow­er and respon­si­bil­i­ty of the father. The head of a patri­ar­chal fam­i­ly not only dis­pos­es of all prop­er­ty, but is also respon­si­ble for the life and health of his wife, chil­dren and oth­er rel­a­tives.
  3. Large fam­i­lies. The fea­tures of a patri­ar­chal fam­i­ly nec­es­sar­i­ly include the pres­ence of spous­es with more than one child. A woman devotes her­self entire­ly to the birth and upbring­ing of chil­dren. Patri­archy in the fam­i­ly con­tributes to the fact that the child becomes inde­pen­dent ear­ly and is accus­tomed to house­work.
  4. Anoth­er sign is the liv­ing of sev­er­al gen­er­a­tions of peo­ple under one roof. At the same time, the father is the head of the fam­i­ly and the old­est man in the fam­i­ly.
  5. The wife, chil­dren and oth­er younger mem­bers of the fam­i­ly must unques­tion­ing­ly obey the head and ful­fill all his require­ments. The pow­er of the old­er man is not dis­cussed and is accept­ed uncon­di­tion­al­ly.
  6. The patri­ar­chal fam­i­ly is char­ac­ter­ized by reli­gios­i­ty and strict adher­ence to the canons.
  7. The head of the fam­i­ly must ful­ly pro­vide all mem­bers with food, cloth­ing and oth­er nec­es­sary ben­e­fits.
  8. All prop­er­ty belongs to the man. A woman can­not have own­er­ship of a house or land.
See also
Winter wedding - ideas
signs of a patriarchal family

Patriarchal family — pros and cons

The tra­di­tion­al way has sev­er­al advan­tages over oth­er types of rela­tion­ships:

  1. sta­bil­i­ty and secu­ri­ty. The head of a patri­ar­chal fam­i­ly not only decides all issues, but is also respon­si­ble for the health and con­di­tion of his wife and chil­dren.
  2. Clear divi­sion of respon­si­bil­i­ties. Each mem­ber of the patri­ar­chal fam­i­ly has its own area of ​​respon­si­bil­i­ty.
  3. Fam­i­ly resilience. The patri­ar­chal way of life is char­ac­ter­ized by long-term rela­tion­ships with­out divorce.
  4. Car­ing for chil­dren and the elder­ly. In a patri­ar­chal fam­i­ly, the role of the old­er gen­er­a­tion, which enjoys respect and priv­i­leges, is very impor­tant.

For a long time, the patri­ar­chal fam­i­ly was the only way to sur­vive in a dif­fi­cult sit­u­a­tion. This way of life has sig­nif­i­cant dis­ad­van­tages that make it almost irrel­e­vant at the present time:

  1. Addic­tion. All fam­i­ly mem­bers must obey the deci­sions of the old­er man. Wife and chil­dren do not have the right to inde­pen­dent­ly man­age prop­er­ty and finances, choose the scope of activ­i­ties and ways of spend­ing leisure time.
  2. Dif­fi­cul­ties with self-real­iza­tion. Since all deci­sions are made by the head of the fam­i­ly, the wife and chil­dren have no oppor­tu­ni­ty to choose edu­ca­tion, career and occu­pa­tion to their lik­ing.
  3. Gen­er­a­tion con­flict. In a patri­ar­chal fam­i­ly, there is often a dis­crep­an­cy between the wish­es of the father and the chil­dren.
  4. patriarchal family pros and cons

Problems of the patriarchal family

The tra­di­tion­al way of rela­tions has suc­cess­ful­ly exist­ed for more than one hun­dred years. Among what is typ­i­cal for a patri­ar­chal fam­i­ly, there are a num­ber of prob­lems that have become espe­cial­ly rel­e­vant today:

  1. Dis­crim­i­na­tion against younger fam­i­ly mem­bers. Due to the fact that the old­er man plays the main role, women and chil­dren do not have a voice and the abil­i­ty to inde­pen­dent­ly man­age their lives.
  2. High demands on a man. He must be both the bread­win­ner, and the bread­win­ner, and the pro­tec­tor of all fam­i­ly mem­bers. The patri­ar­chal mod­el requires a man to fol­low cer­tain rules and impos­es many respon­si­bil­i­ties.
  3. Incon­sis­ten­cy with mod­ern con­di­tions. Advances in tech­nol­o­gy and urban­iza­tion have made it pos­si­ble for women to spend less time on house­work and child­care. At the same time, the abil­i­ty of men to sup­port and pro­vide for a large fam­i­ly on their own has decreased. Because of this, the clas­si­cal patri­ar­chal mod­el of rela­tion­ships is increas­ing­ly becom­ing unvi­able.
See also
combinations of roses with red irises, blue eustoma and freesia for a wedding

What is the difference between a patriarchal family and a partner family?

The two rela­tion­ship mod­els have sev­er­al dif­fer­ences:

  1. The tra­di­tion­al patri­ar­chal fam­i­ly assumes the head­ship of a man. In the part­ner­ship, all issues are resolved joint­ly.
  2. A patri­ar­chal fam­i­ly can­not do with­out chil­dren. Part­ner­ship does not imply the manda­to­ry pres­ence of a child.
  3. In a patri­ar­chal fam­i­ly, there is a clear divi­sion of respon­si­bil­i­ties. In a part­ner­ship rela­tion­ship mod­el, the dis­tri­b­u­tion can be blurred. Sep­a­rate duties, such as cook­ing, can be per­formed by both hus­band and wife.
  4. It is unchar­ac­ter­is­tic for a part­ner fam­i­ly to live togeth­er for 3 or more gen­er­a­tions.
what is the difference between a patriarchal family and a partner family

Types of patriarchal family

Depend­ing on the fea­tures, two types of tra­di­tion­al rela­tions are dis­tin­guished:

  1. The patri­ar­chal mod­el of the fam­i­ly, which is based on respect. The wife and chil­dren obey the father because they rec­og­nize his strength and author­i­ty. The head of the fam­i­ly wins trust not by force, but by wis­dom and a fair approach to orga­niz­ing life. In this mod­el, a woman often has the right to express her posi­tion on cer­tain issues.
  2. The patri­ar­chal fam­i­ly, which is based on strength. The old­er male keeps all the oth­er mem­bers in sub­jec­tion by phys­i­cal means. Tyran­ny and despo­tism often flour­ish in such a fam­i­ly.

Why is the traditional patriarchal family becoming a thing of the past?

The pri­ma­cy of the old­er male was ben­e­fi­cial at a cer­tain his­tor­i­cal stage. When the sur­vival of the whole fam­i­ly required con­sid­er­able effort and hard phys­i­cal labor, the patri­ar­chal mod­el of rela­tion­ships was the only way to ensure well-being. The tran­si­tion to the mod­ern part­ner fam­i­ly occurred with the devel­op­ment of the econ­o­my and indus­tri­al­iza­tion. A huge role in this process was played by the abil­i­ty of women to work and pro­vide for them­selves.

See also
Crises of family life by years

Remem­ber­ing what a patri­ar­chal fam­i­ly means, it should be not­ed that it was need­ed not only for repro­duc­tion, but also to meet the needs of all its mem­bers. With the decrease in the impor­tance of phys­i­cal labor and the tran­si­tion to an indus­tri­al econ­o­my, it became pos­si­ble to sup­port and pro­vide for one­self alone. The patri­ar­chal fam­i­ly has ceased to be the only way to sur­vive, so its val­ues ​​are grad­u­al­ly becom­ing a thing of the past, leav­ing room for more mod­ern mod­els of rela­tion­ships.

why the traditional patriarchal family is a thing of the past

Films about the patriarchal family

Since the tra­di­tion­al way of rela­tions was the most com­mon for a long time, it was also reflect­ed in cin­e­ma. The patri­ar­chal type of fam­i­ly can be seen in the fol­low­ing films:

  1. “Thun­der­storm”. The film is based on the play of the same name by A.N. Ostro­vsky and talks about the prob­lems and con­flict sit­u­a­tions in the patri­ar­chal fam­i­ly of the XIX cen­tu­ry.
  2. “Wom­en’s Source”. The film shows the atmos­phere and lifestyle of sev­er­al patri­ar­chal sub­sis­tence fam­i­lies in a small vil­lage in the Mid­dle East.
  3. “Lady Mac­beth of the Mtsen­sk Dis­trict”. The film is based on the essay by N.S. Leskov and talks about the life of a mer­chant patri­ar­chal fam­i­ly.