The classical approach in psychology involves working directly with the client. A relatively new school — systemic family psychotherapy has an impact on the whole family, which allows you to consider interpersonal connections and relationships. This type of therapy is scientifically recognized in the USA, Finland, Italy, Poland, Great Britain, Germany, Switzerland and Austria. The most common technique in German-speaking countries is the systemic family constellation; this type of psychotherapy is supported by M. Varga, G. Weber and I. Sparrer.
Principles of systemic family therapy
Family therapy is based on the following fundamental principles
- Circularity. Usually people use linear logic when considering problems, but everything in the family occurs according to circular logic. It is not easy to learn to see the circular causality of events, but once the therapist learns to do this, his task of choosing methods of influence is greatly simplified.
- Neutrality. For effective influence, the psychotherapist must take a neutral position and equally sympathize with all family members, give everyone the opportunity to be understood and heard.
- Hypothetical. The purpose of the specialist’s communication with the family is to test his hypothesis about the meaning of family problems. In accordance with the hypothesis, the psychotherapist’s communication strategy is built.
Introduction to Systemic Family Psychotherapy by A. Varga
Among domestic popularizers of this method, A. Varga and her books on systemic family psychotherapy are widely known. In her writings, she examines the structure of the family, the stages of its development, demonstrates examples and analyzes the life cycle of the Russian family, which is important, since the peculiarities of the mentality cannot be discounted. The literature also discusses the properties of the family system, without knowledge of which it is impossible to approach the assessment of interpersonal relationships. Detailed description of the principles of family psychotherapy allows you to gain basic knowledge on the topic, although, of course, reading a book will not make you a professional family therapist.
Systemic family therapy — training
The principles of family therapy are used not only for therapeutic impact, but also for coaching, social work and systemic consulting. But nevertheless, the training of systemic family psychotherapy is carried out precisely for the retraining of specialists. Such courses are offered by many training centers, so finding them is not difficult, you just have to choose the best option for yourself.